If you have followed this website over the past several years, you know that the Editor believes Schenectady has been far too lenient in allowing frequently-changing digital signs along its roadways. [see, e.g., this 2015 posting] The digital/LCD signs are called Electronic Message Boards [EMB] in the City Zoning Code, and Commercial Electronic Variable Message Signs [CEVMS] by New York State.
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In addition to the Planning Commission’s nearly-automatic granting of Special Use Permits for EMBs, I’ve recently realized that the City’s Zoning and Code Enforcement Offices have been allowing highly visible violations of the relevant Zoning provisions for such Electronic Message Boards. Specifically, there appear to be ongoing violations of Schenectady Zoning Code, § 264-61(I), which states: “ In no case shall the message change at a rate greater than once every eight seconds.” This posting demonstrates and explores the lack of enforcement. [For another form of digital sign non-compliance, see our posting “Proctors Marquee Billboard“.]
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. . Query: What’s the advantage for the business shown above in installing the digital sign on the right, over its attractive and effective predecessor on the left, in Schenectady upscale retail district? . . Also, with the bright digital sign placed at the sidewalk and very close to a busy roadway (with heavy vehicular and pedestrian traffic), and located near a complicated set of intersections and parking alternatives and restrictions, in addition to residences, what does the public gain that warrants added traffic hazards, questionable aesthetics, and setting a regulatory precedent that will certainly be exploited by nearby businesses? [see the Google Map depiction of the relevant stretch of Union Street]
- The Applicant originally asked that the new EMB be allowed to change every 6 seconds, but stated during the Meeting that it would be limited to every 8 seconds, the minimum interval permitted by the NYS DOT and the Schenectady’s Zoning Code. The 8-second interval was explicitly made a restriction on the SUP, and the 6-second request explicitly rejected. [see page 6 of the Minutes]
- Tom Wheeler of AJ Sign, who presented the Application with his client, Gregg Kelly of NEFJ, also reassured the Commissioners that his “client was not proposing that the sign scroll or flash or have any animation.”
- The sign would be very close to residences (and, in fact, was within the 100-foot ban approved by the Commission in a pending proposal to amend the zoning Code). Commissioner Ferro was very reluctant to approve an EMB so close to residences. Nonetheless, rather than rejecting the Application for the same reasons that they have proposed the specific 100-foot ban near residences, the Commissioners added the mild restriction to the SUP that “The sign will remain static between the hours of 9 P.M. and 7 A.M.” The static sign overnight requirement is also a specific requirement in the proposed amendments. [see Minutes, bottom of page 6]
- Note: A static sign, one that has the same image without changing, is nonetheless a very bright LCD screen. Moreover, in some months, people are in their residence and it is dark out, long before 9 P.M. Keying the Static Time to sunset or full dark would probably be more appropriate.
- Enablers. In deciding to approve the Application, certain individual members offered what seem to me to be very weak rationales. For example, Commissioner Bailey, according to the Minutes (see image to the right), “stated that he believes that the applicants are doing their best to incorporate the EMB in the most tasteful, unobtrusive way possible.” Bailey also agreed with Commissioner Beach that approval of the application by the Business Improvement District members is a plus. (Commissioner Ferro noted that BID members could very well want similar signs for their own businesses.) Meanwhile, Commissioner Wilson opined that the particular sign “is the highest quality”, and insisted that “people who live in a mixed use district should expect some commercial activity.”
- Ed. Note: I’d say that people who live in a mixed use district should expect to be protected by their Planning Commission from inappropriate commercial activity, and businesses should respect the needs of the very residents that help make the district good for businesses.
- Also, no one suggested that the sign was already quite large and perhaps the LCD screen should be smaller than the current sign area, given its proximity to intersections, the street and sidewalk, and residences.
- Planning Commission Chair Mary Moore Wallinger, prior to agreeing to approve the application, made several remarks that would seem to support its denial, give the burden on the Applicant to show the lack of negative impact. For instance, according to the Minutes: (1) “Commissioner Wallinger stated that she also shares the same concerns [over impact on residences and the neighborhood], which is why she is supporting changes to the Code to address this issue. She added that neighborhoods have different characters, and she does not feel like the Upper Union Street area would be the right fit for a large number of these signs.” (2) “Commissioner Wallinger stated that in general the function of a sign should be to identify the business rather than offer information advertising special offers or products. She noted that the Upper Union Street district has a lot of pedestrian traffic as well, which most likely will not be the ideal audience for a sign of this type and size. ” (3) “Commissioner Wallinger stated that while she agrees that in this case the sign would be as tasteful as possible, she is concerned about neighboring businesses whose proposed EMB signs might not be appropriate.”
- The Complaint that I filed with the City’s online Citizen Request Tracker on July 9 about the 6-second intervals and use of movement has not received any substantive reply as of July 28, 2019. update (July 31, 2019): Early Monday morning, July 29, Schenectady Zoning Officer Avi Epstein responded to an email sent by me on July 26 asking him to look into this matter, and said: “We’ll inspect to make sure it meets the required specifications.” Also, on July 30, I received an email from the Complaint Office concerning my complaint saying: “Request reassigned from Codes to Development. Reason: This is a Planning/Zoning concern. Thank you.” I will follow-up here if/as I hear more.
Moreover, on July 25, 2019, I discovered that Northeastern Fine Jewelry’s digital sign is not in compliance with the explicit condition in its Special Use permit to “remain static” after 9 PM for the sake of nearby residences. (I was there at 9:40 pm.) The content of the display is unchanged from the daytime display. Here are two images of the bright and changing NEFJ sign taken when it should have been “static”.
update (Aug. 18, 2019): On August 14, the NEFJ digital sign was still changing at 6 second intervals (or less), and was still fully operational after 9 PM. on August 15 (images below).
- update (August 21, 2019): Schenectady Zoning Officer Avi Epstein let me know this morning that (emphasis added): “Northeastern Fine Jewelry has been issued a notice of non-compliance as per the city requirements and special use permit. The City is still conducting inspections on many other properties that have electronic message boards, however the images and videos you submit are not admissible as part of our records, as an officer from the City needs to witness the violation in order to issue a citation.”
- update (August 26, 2019): As of Sunday night, August 25, the NEFJ sign is still not in compliance, with change intervals still at 6 seconds, and the sign is not being held static after 9 PM.
- follow-up (September 18, 2019): Four weeks after Zoning Office Avi Singer informed me that “Northeastern Fine Jewelry has been issued a notice of non-compliance,” their digital sign is still changing at least every 6 seconds, but there is so much movement on the screen that it is difficult to say just how many changes are actually being made. Recall, as stated above, that Tom Wheeler of AJ Sign, who presented the Application with his client, Gregg Kelly of NEFJ, also reassured the Commissioners that his “client was not proposing that the sign scroll or flash or have any animation.”
October 12, 2019: Upper Union Harvest Fest 2019 — An otherwise enjoyable photo-stroll by me (documented here) at this year’s Harvest Fest was soured by the realization that Northeastern Fine Jewelry has apparently decided not be a fine neighbor or citizen. Its digital sign remains non-compliant with the City Zoning Code and NEFJ’s Special Use Permit for the sign. This 44-second clip has at least 10 changes, along with sparkles and animation. I have not been near the location after 9 PM to see whether the sign is put into Static Mode for the night out of respect to nearby residences.
The Blue Ribbon Diner
The Blue Ribbon Diner was granted Special Use Permits for signs at the Diner and next-door Bakery, at the Planning Commission’s Meeting of September 20, 2017. On my way home on the evening of July 25, 2019, I happened to pass by the Blue Ribbon complex at 1835 State Street, and marveled that the images on the EMBs seemed to change so rapidly. I parked and took a quick video to document the operation of the Blue Dinner EMBs.
The 28-second clip was taken at about 10:30 PM, and the lighting is not great. Nonetheless, you can see that some of the images change after only 3 seconds, not the 8-second requirement in our zoning code.
In addition, the changes are blended, and have swipes and dissolves, which add to the distraction,. Such gimmicks are discouraged by best practices guidelines. Notice, also that the Blue Ribbon bakery sign can be seen making its changes in the background. The NYS DOT guidelines on digital signage state that, if signs are visible at the same time to a driver, they must be at least 300 feet apart.
Is the City’s lack of enforcement in the face of highly visible violations malfeasance or “merely” nonfeasance?
follow-up: On the morning of August 14, 2019 (five weeks after my first Complaint to the City), the digital signs at Blue Ribbon Dinner and Blue Ribbon Bakery, had not been adjusted to be in compliance, with dwell time averaging less than 5 seconds. The digital sign at Hair Design by Ralf and the one at Wedekind Auto (photo below), also in Woodlawn along State Street, were also changing significantly more frequently than the 8-second minimal interval required by the Schenectady Zoning Code.
EMBs granted special use permits in Schenectady, 2017-2019
1903 Maxon Road. – Pat Popolizio – Lighthouse – Feb. 15, 2017
2330 Watt St. – Crosstown Commons – May 17, 2017
Erie Blvd at Harbor Way – Mohawk Harbor – Aug. 16, 2017
1753 State St. – Ralf Torkel – Jan. 17, 2018 – [hair salon]
416 State Street – Berkshire Hathaway – May 16, 2018
1607 Union St. – Northeastern Fine Jewelry – Sept. 19, 2018
[Ed. Note: For fuller discussion of potential safety hazards from digital signs along our streets, see our March 11, 2015 posting on “Safety Issues raised by electronic message boards“, which starts with a discussion of Proctors’ marquee signs and includes an appendix with general information and relevant links. ]
FYI, see the Schenectady Gazette Guest Column, “City needs smarter digital sign regulation” (October 7, 2019, C6, by the proprietor of this website).
- An appendix of relevant Zoning provisions, along with [in the near future] Best Practices or Model Rule recommendations, can be found at the foot of this posting.
RELEVANT SIGNAGE REGULATIONS
. . for a full discussion of Safety Factors to Consider see https://tinyurl.com/EMBSafety
SCHENECTADY ZONING CODE [emphases added]
§264-5 A. Purpose. The purpose of this article is to establish standards for the fabrication, erection and use of signs, symbols, markings and advertising devices within the City. These standards are designed to promote and protect the public health, welfare and safety by regulating existing and proposed outdoor advertising signs and outdoor signs of all types.
B. Intent. The article is intended to protect property values, create a more attractive economic and business climate, enhance and protect the physical and historic appearance of the community, preserve the scenic and natural beauty, enhance the pedestrian environment, and provide a more enjoyable and pleasing community. The article is further intended hereto to reduce sign or advertising distractions and obstructions that may contribute to traffic accidents, reduce hazards that may be caused by signs overhanging or projecting over public rights-of-way, provide more visual open space and improve the community’s appearance. These standards are also intended to be consistent with the standards of the Historic District Commission and the design guidelines adopted by the Upper Union Street Business Improvement District and the Downtown Schenectady Improvement Corporation. In the event that the District Guidelines differ from this section, the District Standards will prevail.
Electronic message boards. This is the relevant portion of the City of Schenectady Zoning Code, § 264-61(I):
I. Electronic message boards.
(1) Electronic message boards may be permitted in the City upon approval by the City Planning Commission.
(2) A special use permit must be approved upon a showing by the applicant at a public hearing of the City Planning Commission that the proposed electronic message board shall not substantially impact upon the nature and character of the surrounding neighborhood, upon traffic conditions and any other matters affecting the health, safety and general welfare of the public.
Syracuse in 2018 (see Rezone Syracuse, §4.8 Signs):
- an interval between changes (dwell time) of no less than 30 seconds;
- Transitions between messages shall be no longer than one second and shall not include dissolving, fading, vertical or horizontal scrolling, flashing, or other dynamic effect.
- Each message shall be static and shall not incorporate any animation, flashing, or other dynamic effect.
- shall not be placed within 300 feet of another electronic changeable message sign.
- not allowed in any residential or mixed use district
Buffalo in 2016:
- a dwell time of no less than 5 minutes;
- changes must be instantaneous, without scrolling, fading in, dropping in, or similar moving copy changes.
Dutchess County: 2019 Guidelines by Senior Planners recommending a Model Code permitting changes no more often than every 12 hours, with “minimal graphics and no more than eight words per sign.” [Dutchess County has a population just under 300,000.]
- Poughkeepsie: Except for clocks and customary time and temperature devices, no sign shall contain intermittent or moving illumination or flashing signs.
Lake George (2018 Zoning Code): §175- 32. Signs. . . Prohibited:
1) LED signage, and other electronically/ digitally lit signage that contains scrolling text
Ithaca: Probits any sign displaying flashing or intermittent lights or lights changing degrees of intensity, except a sign indicating time or temperature,
Queensbury: Signs known as digital billboards, electronic display panels and similar LED digital advertising displays shall be prohibited, with the exception of price signs on fuel pumps
Utica: Illumination shall be steady in nature, not flashing, moving or changing in brilliance, color or proximity.
White Plains: A sign on which the message changes more than eight times per day shall be considered an animated sign and not a changeable copy sign for purposes of this Chapter.
Mount Vernon: No sign or other advertising structure shall be illuminated with lights that glare into or upon any adjacent residential premises or district, operators of motor vehicles or pedestrians on the public right-of-way.
6.1.1 INTENT The intent of this article is to promote and protect the public health, welfare and safety by regulating outdoor advertising and signs of all types. All signs shall be erected and constructed so as not to obstruct traffic, cause visual blight, nor detract from the value of adjacent properties.
6.1.2 GENERAL COMPATIBILITYEach sign shall be compatible within the context of its visual and physical environment. Consideration shall be given, but need not be limited, to the following elements:
A. Size, bulk and mass
B. Texture, materials and colors
C. Lighting and illumination
D. Orientation and elevation
E. General and specific location
F. Proximity to streets, highways and mass transit routes
G. Design including size and character of lettering, logos, and related contents
H. Background or field including the skyline
I. Character and design of sign structure
6.1.3 GENERAL REGULATIONS The following regulations shall apply to all signs:
1. Off-premise signs or billboards shall not be permitted in any District except as allowed in Section 6.1.4.
2. Portable signs shall not be permitted in any District.
3. No sign shall be placed within 150 feet of a signalized, or within 50 feet of an unsignalized, street intersection so as to cause a traffic hazard at the intersection.
Philadelphia PA (2014, Signs): Animated Signs [includes Digital LED signs and Electronic Message are prohibited within 200 ft. of any intersection of any two or more streets; and prohibited within 150 ft. of a residential district or facing any residential district within 300 ft. of the sign
(a) Digital signs shall not be erected or converted from non-digital to digital within 500 ft. of any residentially zoned district, nor face any residentially zoned district within 1,000 ft. of the sign.